Acupuncture involves a single use, pre-sterilised, disposable needles of various widths, lengths and materials that pierce the skin at the Acupuncture points. A number of needles may be used at each treatment and these are typically left in position for a certain amount of time depending on the desired effect.

We have mainly two types of acupuncture: Western acupuncture, Traditional Chinese Acupuncture(TCM).

western acupuncture

Western acupuncture:

Acupuncture works through 3 Mechanisms: Local, Segmental and Central. Each of them can contribute for resolution of the pathology.

Central effect: FMRI(Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging) studies have demonstrated acupuncture effect on the pain pathways of the brain which may play a part in reducing the central sensitization. Also acupuncture seems to trigger a sequence of events involving the release of endogenous opioid-like substances that are related with the acupuncture-induced analgesia.

Segmental effect: needling some points may have a segmental effect, therefore the stimulation of distal points may induce a strong segmental inhibitory effect which suppress the pain signal.

Localeffect: is the one caused by insertion of the needle. Through a mechanical/chemical/vascular/neural effect increases the blood circulation, induces muscle release, reduces pain, swelling and inflammation in the local tissue.

As shown in several studies, acupuncture modulates the activities of the ANS( Autonomic Nervous System). New studies are showing the relationship between ANS dysregulation and several conditions such as Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue, Sleep Disorders, Arthritis etc.

To find out more about symptoms related to ANS( Autonomic Nervous System) dysregulation, follow the link:

Dry needling:

Is another clinical reasoning behind the use of needles. In this case the needle is usually inserted and manipulated in particular areas called Trigger points in order to release the taut-band in the muscle. This will allow and improvement in the muscle strength, in the range of movement and in the pain condition.

Traditional Chinese Acupuncture:

Is a part of the oldest systems of medicine, it is based on a completely different diagnostic method and reasoning. Traditional Chinese medicine explains that health is the result of a harmonious balance and flow of the Vital energy called “Qi”. Qi is the energy of the body, of the meridians, of food, of the universe.

Traditional Chinese Acupuncture

Within the body there are two basic types of Qi: Congenital Qi and Acquired Qi.

Congenital Qi is the Qi that we are born with, Acquired Qi  is derived from the quality of our lifestyle habits such as food quality, air that we breath, balance of emotions, physical exercise. Qi is said to flow through 12 main meridians, or pathways, in the human body. These meridians and energy flows are accessible through 350 main acupuncture points in the body.

Yin and Yang

Yin and yang are terms used to describe relative opposite qualities or manifestations of Qi. Everything that is yin contains some element of yang, and everything that is yang contains some element of yin.

Yin refers to aspects or manifestations of Qi that are relatively: material, solid, heavy,pale, Soft, descending, cold, moist, cooling, dark, passive, quiescent, lethargic, underactive.

Yang refers to aspects or manifestations of Qi that are relatively: immaterial, expanding, hollow, light, ascending, hot, dry, warming, bright, aggressive, and active

When there is an imbalance between Yin and Yang aspects of the Qi, the pathology onset, the aim of the acupuncture in this case is to reestablish a balance and a correct flow in this energy to resolve the pathology.

Diagnostic process in TCM:

Looking: examination through observation, the clinician will observe features of the body, movements and mannerism and likely will be carried a Tongue examination.

Listening: The sound of someone’s voice provides a window into their health. Practitioners generally classify the voice into these five types: Shout, Laugh, Sing, Weep, Groan.

Touching :part of the examination, the practitioner looks for areas that are: Tender or painful, Hot or cold, Swollen, Sweaty, Discoloured. Also, as part of the examination can be carried out a Pulse examination.

Asking: the clinician will ask several questions regarding sleep, appetite, characteristic of the pain, emotions etc. which will help to have a more define picture of the patient complain.

Acupuncture at 5  STAR CLINIC

What type of acupuncture will I receive?

At 5 STAR CLINIC we have knowledge in both  Western and TCM acupuncture.

The knowledge in Western acupuncture have been acquired through Acupuncture Association of Chartered Physiotherapists (AACP)which is a professional network affiliated with the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (CSP)

The knowledge in TCM acupuncture have been gained through the study of the Method Solére who is a “ Membre du Conseil Supérieur National de L’Acupuncture Traditionelle “.

There is no a best modality of treatment, both them can be powerful when wisely applied. Each of them has the proper indications, depending on the patient’s complainit is decided the best way to meet his needs.


Kathleen K.S. Hui et al., (2009),Acupuncture mobilizes the brain’s default mode and its anti-correlated network in healthy subjects

doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2009.06.061

Lu SC. Et al., (2011), Does acupuncture improve quality of life for patients with pain associated with the spine? A systematic review.

Doi: 10.1155/2011/301767.

Sniezek DP., Siddiqui IJ., (2013),Acupuncture for Treating Anxiety and Depression in Women: A Clinical Systematic Review.

doi: 10.1089/acu.2012.0900

Dhond RP et al.(2007),Neuroimaging acupuncture effects in the human brain.,

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